The acute mountain sickness (MAM) is also known as mountain sickness, altitude sickness, altitude sickness, altitude sickness and yeyo or is the lack of adaptation of the organism to the heights and all this presents symptoms in the body.
Usually, those accustomed to more or less flat or low altitudes, they begin to feel the 2500 high above sea level and at the level, the more likely it note and would suffer.
It is that the higher you go further decreases the atmospheric pressure and the pressure of oxygen and thus inspired oxygen is lower and there is when hypoxia or lack of oxygen in the blood occurs.
While some people get altitude sickness not manifest, symptoms usually appear after the passage of a few hours in place and are usually worse at night.
-Fatigue or physical exhaustion
-Nausea and vomiting
-Lack of appetite
-sudden nocturnal dyspnea, ie, waking abruptly with breathlessness sensation
-Meanwhile, severe cases can cause Altitude Pulmonary Edema and Cerebral Edema of Altitude.
To avoid altitude sickness or at least take a little better acclimate need not stir or physical effort at least during the first few days. In addition, the day before arrival at recommended sleep well, eat light and avoid alcoholic beverages.
Meanwhile, once in height will need to rest during the day, make extensive inspirations air, climb gradually, permanently hydrated, avoid alcohol and snuff, eat little but when you do, choose carbohydrates and foods high in sugar, choose easily digestible foods such as fruits, keep warm and avoid taking tranquilizers.
Those who live in areas of high altitude often repeat travelers a rule that, if respected, will help support mountain sickness: "drink before you get thirsty, eat before you are hungry, shelter before being cold and rest before exhaustion".
Upon reaching destination travelers usually mate or coca tea as the first remedy offered to begin acclimatization. It is placed coca leaves in a cup of boiling water to drink without problems, taste is not unpleasant and also aids digestion. Others prefer to be directly coca leaves into his mouth. The method is simple: the blade is left aside and swallows what is bitter juice it secretes. Of course, this, for those not used to, is not entirely pleasant. There are also coca sweets for those who want to give a sweet touch.
Most hotels in high altitude sites have oxygen tubes to assist guests who need them. In addition, many of the tours take tubes to cater to travelers in the middle of a journey, begin to feel the symptoms and not to follow. Another option is that everyone take your small oxygen tube that can be purchased in stores.
Anyway there are some pills to be taken before reaching the destination, and then every eight hours. They make the symptoms of mountain sickness disappear and can be enjoyed the trip without any problem. These help improve blood flow in the brain and increase breathing capacity. Freely they sold without a prescription. So, to get to places of high altitude, just simply ask for pills to combat altitude sickness and everyone will understand what it is. They sold in boxes or divided. And without doubt it is the best way to enjoy the holiday in high-altitude destinations.